There is an extraordinary amount of information about diabetes: what causes it, the different types, treatments, the types of foods you can or can’t eat, and how to live with the disease effectively. What is not talked about as often, however, is a condition known as prediabetes. Also known as being borderline diabetic, prediabetes is just as important because catching your body in a pre-diabetic state may allow you to make lifestyle changes that can help you avoid getting type 2 diabetes in the future. The following are some signs that you might have prediabetes, and if any of these might seem familiar, you may want to see a doctor.
1. Increased Urination
If you find you need to urinate more frequently than normal, this may be an indication that your blood sugar levels are too high. Prediabetics may urinate up to 20 times per day, and this increased urination is due to the body’s attempt to rid itself of excess glucose in the bloodstream. Even urinating as much as 10 times a day may be a warning sign, particularly if the urine has a sweet odor to it.
2. Trouble Sleeping
When the body is not functioning properly, the sleep cycles will generally be off as well. In many cases, the lack of sleep is spurred on by the need to urinate more frequently (as noted above). If you are waking up 3 times or more to urinate, there is a problem. You may also have trouble with night sweats that awaken you, as it is another side effect of improper blood sugar regulation.
A consistent feeling of weakness or fatigue is another sign of being borderline diabetic. As the body becomes insulin resistant or produces insulin inefficiently, sugar is unable to be absorbed into the cells for energy. No fuel for the body means you’re going to be tired. So, if you’re tired all the time for what appears to be no reason at all, you may be prediabetic.
4. Blurred Vision
When your blood sugar levels are too high, your vision may become more blurry. Often this is a temporary effect, which is more noticeable after eating a lot of simple carbohydrates and sugars. Blurred vision may also be a result of high blood pressure, and an eye doctor will be able to tell a lot about your body through a simple eye exam.
5. Unquenchable Thirst
Most prediabetics will have a fairly constant, unquenchable thirst. The reason this occurs falls right in line with frequent urination. The more sugar is in the blood stream, the harder the kidneys work to get rid of it – and since glucose absorbs water to help it exit the body, you get thirsty more often because you are constantly trying to replace the water you rid yourself of.
All of these symptoms, collectively and individually, are enough reason to see a doctor. Lack of sleep may not seem important on its own, but it leads to insulin resistance and may lead to type 2 diabetes as well. A doctor can test your blood sugar and insulin levels and advise you on the best course of action. In many cases, type 2 diabetes can be avoided by proper diet and exercise.